Organ Transplant: Consequences and Risks of Current Policies
From Michelle Park
MOTIVATION: Even with great advances in medical knowledge and technology, current organ transplant policy has not made progress since 2005. As organ utilization continues to decrease while organ waste continues to increase, revision in current policy is crucial to provide patients with the best chances at survival.
PROBLEM STATEMENT: The demand for organ transplant has rapidly increased over the years all over the world. Just in the year 2006, additional 95,000+ patients were listed on the national transplant list, and among them, 6,300 patients died1 due to lack of organ utilization.
APPROACH: To assess the problem of deduction in organ utilization, literature was analyzed. Articles, statistical reports on organ transplant relevant information, PubMed, WHO, and UNOS statistical reports were used to provide scientific information about the problem statement. Three general ideas were visited: transportation system, vetting process for a placement on the waiting list, and black-market organ sales and organ trafficking.
RESULTS: Revision in allocation and transportation system, wait list placement system, research in post-op care and medicine, and support system will increase organ utilization. The plan is to observe an increase in organ utilization and decrease in organ waste by reducing wait-time on a waiting list, setting strict evaluation process, and providing support system from non-profit organization for patients who are in need of financial assistance.
CONCLUSION: Revision in criteria such as reduction in organ waste, strengthened vetting process for a placement on the waiting list, and reduction in black market organ sales and trafficking will reduce organ waste and increase organ utilization.