of Americans have high blood pressure. In clinical settings, high blood
pressure during sleep has been associated with sleep characteristics and
disorders. Thomas et al (2020) look at the association of self-reported sleep
characteristics and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) to nocturnal hypertension in
a large sample size 702 participants in order to view trends in a racial context.
A sample population self-reported their personal data, as well as their sleep
characteristics at the initial, two-year, and 30-year marks. At the 30-year
mark, multiple tests were conducted on the sample population including blood pressure,
sleep diary and two questionnaires consisting of the STOP-BANG and Pittsburg
Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) respectively. There is statistically significant
evidence that shows an association between race and likelihood of having OSA
and nocturnal hypertension. There is a stronger association between likelihood
of having OSA and nocturnal hypertension for white participants when compared
to black participants. When age, sex, BMI, and sleep characteristics are added
into the model there is no association between likelihood of having OSA and
nocturnal hypertension. In conclusion, having a higher likelihood of OSA is
associated with a higher probability of having nocturnal hypertension among
white participants but not black participants. This is a student team presentation of work published by S.
Justin Thomas, PhD, John N. Booth III, PhD, Byron C. Jaeger, PhD, Demetria
Hubbard, MSPH, Swati Sakhuja, MPH, Marwah Abdalla, MD, Donald M. Lloyd-Jones,
MD, ScM, Daniel J. Buysse, MD, Core E. Lewis, MD, MSPH, James M. Shikany, DrPH, Joseph E. Schwartz, PhD, Daichi Shimbo, MD, David Calhoun, MD, Paul Muntner,
PhD, and Mercedes R. Carnethon, PhD.